Archive for June, 2010


Colors and psychology

Colors have been an integral part of our society for thousands of years; different civilizations have used colors as a mark of their identities.

Although color psychology is a relatively new area of scientific research, ancient civilizations believed in the influence of color on humans. The ancient Chinese, Egyptians, and Indians believed in chromotherapy, or healing with colors.

Color psychology is viewed dubiously by mainstream psychologists and therefore qualifies as “alternative medicine“. Critics view it as an overstatement of what can be justified by research, and point out that different cultures have completely different interpretations of color.

Practitioners of color psychology, sometimes called color consultants, claim there are a number of reactions to color which seem to be noted in most persons. They also note that common physiological effects often accompany the psychological effects.
Religions have been focusing on colors for many centuries now; we can well point the use of saffron color in HINDUSIM and SIKHISM. Green as color is extensively used in ISLAM and even some countries have green flag. Red has become a symbol of Communism or socialism or associated with labour movements. White for one is associated with peace and meditation.

Scientific researchers have been trying to find in-depth secrets of colors in modern age using technology and there has been various success stories and the growing fascination it seems to be coming from big corporate houses in order to impress their customers and widespread their reach.

The biggest use of color psychology is done on traffic signals where RED, ORANGE and GREEN are used to inform drivers about the state of traffic and their present position in the traffic, it is the biggest exercise in the world  where no word is used for communication yet management is performed efficiently.

Researchers have found exposure to blue light can increase confidence and boost happiness levels, research suggests. A group of volunteers were exposed to a range of colors and lights. They found that blue and green made male subjects feel happier, while blue, purple and orange did the same for women.

Color, without our realizing it, can have a profound effect on how we feel both mentally and physically. Dr. Morton Walker, in his book The Power of Color, suggested that the ancient Egyptians as well as the Native American Indians used color and colored light to heal. Below are some emotional associations that humans tend to have with certain colors. These are important to keep in mind in order to create the mood you are seeking.

Red

Positives: Passion, strength, energy, love, sex, excitement, speed, heat, leadership, masculinity

Negatives: Danger, fire, blood, war, anger, revolution, radicalism, aggression, stop

Blue

Positives : Seas, skies, stability, peace, unity, harmony, tranquility, calmness, coolness, confidence, water, ice, loyalty, conservatism, dependability, cleanliness, technology, winter

Negatives: Depression, coldness, obscenity, conservatism, technology, ice, winter

Green

Positives: Nature, spring, fertility, youth, environment, wealth, money, good luck, vigor, generosity, go, grass

Negatives: Inexperience, envy, misfortune, jealousy, money, illness, greed

Yellow

Positives: Sunlight, joy, happiness, optimism, idealism, wealth (gold), summer, hope

Negatives: Cowardice, illness (quarantine), hazards, dishonesty, avarice

Purple

 

Positives: Elegance, sensuality, spirituality, creativity , wealth, royalty, nobility, ceremony, mystery, wisdom, enlightenment

Negatives: Cruelty, arrogance, mourning, profanity, exaggeration, confusion

Orange

Positives: Energy, balance, heat, enthusiasm, flamboyance, playfulness

Negatives: Warning, danger, fire

 

 

White

Positives: Reverence, purity, snow, peace, innocence, cleanliness, simplicity, security, humility, marriage, sterility, winter

Negatives: Coldness, sterility, clinical, surrender, cowardice, fearfulness, winter

Black

Positives: Power, sophistication, formality, elegance, wealth, mystery, style

Negatives: Evil, death, fear, anonymity, anger, sadness, remorse, mourning, unhappiness, mystery

The role of a soft power : India

One has always been amazed by the awe that Americans and their culture command over the world, the fact most of us in the east aspire to become like the Americans “the cool westerners “. Is there no short coming in that nation , is it plain picture perfect ?

Well answers to those questions  will surely be given by politicians and sociologist but something which one knows and had a personal experience is the influence of american movies and its show and adding to the toping is its music industry. Americans have been able to pursue themselves as the loved ones at least that is what most of us think, unaware of the politics.

The american dream is reinforced by the movies , it is always cool to watch an american movie or either to catch in the new happening show ” The Big Bang Theory“, ” Prison Break” or the all time favorite of all youngsters  “F.R.I.E.N.D.S ” .

US apart from the invasion spree does some how hold out as a country to be a part of , even thought the adults in the rest of the world might think otherwise (especially middle east) , it is the ability to be a “SOFT POWER”  which stands out. People want to buy products which are available there , love their movie stars , even God worship them and their President Obama is more famous than our own president Mrs.Patil.

So how was it made possible what no amount of Imperialist ways could do, well simple love or soft power ?

Now India if it truly wishes to become  a superpower then apart from the seat in United Nations Security Council, they need to export their culture so that the way the youth of today in our country identify and aspire the culture of US someday the youth of the world would want to aspire our culture and that aspiration will be a key step towards a global superpower.

Small states : Reality of India !

India as nation has 28 states till now and Telengana issue seems to be boiling forth and some believe rightly so. Even after being in Andra Pradesh that region has not seen any development and there are large no of farmer suicides too. The need of hour is having a small state.

In a democratic Independent India the formost job of any government is that it provide all the people with equal opportunities which in some case in some states may not to be.

Jharkahand in particular was a good example of a state saved from Bihar and same goes the case with Uttrakand and Chattisgarh . Now there are demands for Vidharbh, Harit Pradesh , Telengana , Marwa Pradesh and Gurkhaland.

Some how one feels that Uttar Pradesh for one needs to be divided in order to have better governance , Harit pradesh that is the western Uttar pradesh is plagued by goon culture and it will be a great service if such states are carved out as more focused approach could be taken in dealing with the menace.

Though detractors have their own view they say that it would lead to partition of India and division of resources additionally they say that the 3 states such as uttrakhand , Jharkhand and chhattisgarh performance has not been such that other states could be brought in the same lines.

Few Facts about our Indian states –

  1. Uttar Pradesh with population of more than 167 million is bigger than Germany + France or Russia ,Pakistan , China, America, Brazil and Indonesia are the only few nations who are bigger than Uttar Pradesh.
  2. TamilNadu (62.2 million) is bigger than Britain and Italy.
  3. Andhra Pradesh (76.4 million) is little bigger than Germany and Vietnam
  4. Bihar is bigger than Mexico
  5. Maharashtra with 92.1 million is bigger state than Germany. Maharashtra has ten million more than Germany.
  6. West Bengal is bigger than the Philippines

If the big states means progress then why India has not made progress like America, Germany, France or Hong Kong or England.
America, Hong Kong both were ruled by England just like India.
Do small states suffer? Not if one views Punjab , Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.

This shows that there is no guarantee that big state will make progress or small state will make progress.

Remember it does not matter state is small or state is big, most important thing is who is our law maker and how honest he is with his job and nation.If law maker, politician is not good then small or big it does not matter, he will do the corruption and he will take the wrong decisions. When law maker, politician is corrupt no one can save the nation.

But when law maker is good he can take the small state to such heights that the small nation can rule the world.
Once England ruled the world and today we can see the progress made by the USA or Hong Kong or Taiwan.

Our democracy works like this – one head of the state, then other elected members, run the state with the help of IAS officers and bureaucrats.
When the state is big, those officers and elected politicians, law makers are not able to watch carefully every project and how the money is utilized by everyone in every project.Today budget of Government is becoming so big that common people find it difficult to understand, and even studied accountants find it very difficult to understand and find out the mistakes.

If common man does not understand the budget How he can participate and keep watch on the politician to stop the frauds and mistakes done by politician When state is small, if any government employee or law maker or politician will do the fraud, immediately it will show the effect on the other projects as it will become very difficult for that chief minister to bring new funds or hide his black deeds.

Just take the example of classroom of 100 students and classroom of 25 students, so in this case which classroom will be easy to manage and give the results.


People of Haryana, which was carved out of Punjab , can go to the capital to air their grievances or get their problems heard in the secretariat and return home by evening, whichever part of the state they are in. But if a citizen in western UP were to be heard in any of the state commissions or courts, he has to travel over 600 km to Lucknow , spending large amounts of money in an attempt to get justice and even the Uttar Pradesh Technical University is another example if you have any problem with your papers or result and your college is based in Noida as they are usually , you need to travel all across to Lucknow to get it checked.

People in western UP see for themselves how their neighbours in Haryana and Uttarakhand have prospered after becoming part of smaller states. Their per capita income is much higher compared to the earnings of people in western UP. So they feel a smaller state is essential to have any kind of progress.

On the other hand, there are problem states like Jharkhand. Was Jharkhand any better off when it was part of Bihar? Naxalites  had always been there. There are, however, other states like Haryana and Andhra Pradesh that have set good examples. The latter was part of Madras Presidency till it was carved out.

Again, Gujarat is better off after being cut from the larger Bombay Presidency. Punjab was split into three — Himachal Pradesh , Haryana and Punjab — and all of these are better off. Before the division, Haryana was the poorer part of Punjab. Men from Western UP never married the women there as they were known to walk 10 km to fetch water. Today, such a situation cannot be imagined in Haryana.

Cultural identity is another reason why people demand separate states. But the underlying factor is a sense of alienation the people feel from the power centre. If Harit Pradesh is created by incorporating administrative divisions like Meerut, Bareilly, Mathura and Agra , it would be as big as Rajasthan. So it won’t necessarily be a small state. At present, UP has 80 parliamentary seats, and if it is divided by three excluding the five seats for Bundelkhand, it still makes for three big states. Gujarat, for instance, has 25 seats.

Of course, one doesn’t rule out demands for further divisions in western UP (demand for Brij Bhumi, a small stretch running from Mathura to Mainpuri) but that is a cultural issue rather than one of governance.

The problem is that the Centre does not have pre-determined norms for dealing with such demands, but it acts only when people get violent. This sends a wrong message. As a result, people start burning buses at the slightest provocation as they feel that is the only way to draw Centre’s attention.

Delhi didn’t notice what was wrong with sugarcane farmers till they came and made ruckus in  the capital? Despite the Congress and K Chandrasekhar Rao having made a pact in 2000 to form Telangana, the Centre waited for Rao to go on a fast unto death to react.

Today, the district of Coorg is also demanding statehood as it has a totally different cultural identity. Maybe the solution is not statehood here. But there are states whose chief ministers would not be able to remember the names of the districts or their district magistrates. This certainly is a sign that such states is ungovernable.

Amazingly, all three new states have grown fabulously fast. Uttarakhand has averaged 9.31% growth annually, Jharkhand 8.45%, and chhattisgarh 7.35%. All three states belong to what was historically called the BIMARU zone, a slough of despond where humans and economies stagnated. Out of this stagnant pool have now emerged highly dynamic states.

Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh were the most backward parts of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, which in turn were among the most backward states of India. Yet, after becoming separate states, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh have emerged as industrial dynamos. Both have large tribal belts with pathetic infrastructure. In Chhattisgarh, four-fifths of habitations lack road access. Both states have ample minerals like coal and iron ore. But this was not an economic advantage when they were part of larger states. Rather, their mineral revenues were diverted to state capitals. This diversion ended after they became separate states.

Since 2001, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh have moved up into the top 10 (industrial states), displacing Rajasthan and Punjab… The phenomenal growth in these two states has seen the share of manufacturing in their GDP rise dramatically as they have attracted industrial projects. Looking at the share of income that originates in the manufacturing sector, these two states have shown higher levels than Maharashtra, Haryana and Tamil Nadu…Being newer and smaller states, they responded more rapidly than their larger — and in some cases better endowed – neighbours… Raipur in Chhattisgarh has now entered the top 10 districts of India in manufacturing, with two industrial estates at Urla and Siltara.

Every sensible economist will argue having a smaller state is much better than a larger state where the power is just for the civil servants and politicians but certainly who are born and brought up on the socialist ideals would never agree. After all it is the socialistic mindset through out the world which make the creation and sustenance of such large states. However these very socialist have failed to bring any economic changes for the betterment in the lives of people of the nation. One would certainly disagree with their ideology because talking is all good and being intellectual is all “fashionable” but food and cloth along with good life is the true need of a human being.


Vishal Bhardwaj is the name to reckon with these days in Hindi cinema. His movies are always successful but there is an uncannily similarity in the the place where the movie is set up or the characters in the movie , most of them are Brahmins and that too from the state of Uttar Pradesh may be because he is also from there. Be it be the Omkara of Omkara , Guduu of kaminey or the Krishna Verma of Ishqiya

One feels that he is on a quest to make Brahmins of Uttar Pradesh to be cool though many could argue that these have been just the recent movies where his characters have been such, but in reality wherever his role was as director he has always done so.

His recent movie kaminey touches upon the migration issue in India which is very sensitive where a boy from Uttar Pradesh brahmin family marries a marathi girl and all hell breaks lose and his twin brother is into earning money the wrong way.

Then comes his movie Omkara which has been a smashing success , it was again focused on the the Brahmin character where the main protagonist is Half Brahmin and not to mention the film is based in Bhardwaj’s homeland Uttar Pradesh.

Then his latest release Ishqiya deals with another brahmin protagonist but this time it was a female and she is searching for her “dead ” husband but has two lovers for her who are Muslims. Probably Mr Bhardwaj was trying to do always with the “Brahmin chauvinism ” where his characters were male and they got away doing almost everything. His wife rekha Bhardwaj too is an exceptional singer and provides deeply melodious songs for his movies varying from naina and beedi in omkara. Her voice is classic and the singing style very spiritual, the recent song in movie Raavan name “ranjha ranjha” is also sung by her.

Certainly when you have got everything in your house ranging from writer to director to composer to singer to producer you can make movie as per your choice which is a done deal but one would  feel that an able director and writer like Vishal Bhardwaj must not confine himself  and his characters to certain communities or regions.

The following are his movies list :

2011 Saat Khoon Maaf Director
2010 Ishqiya Composer, Writer, Producer
2009 Kaminey Composer, Director Nominated Star Screen Award For Best Director & Star Screen Award For Best Music Director
2008 Haal-e-dil Composer
U, Me Aur Hum Composer
2007 No Smoking Composer, Producer
Nishabd Composer
Dus Kahaniyaan Writer (Dialogue & Screenplay)
Blood Brothers Director, Writer (Dialogue)
Migration Writer(dialogue)
2006 Omkara Composer, Director, Writer (Dialogue & Screemplay
2005 The Blue Umbrella a.k.a Chhatri Chor Composer, Director, Producer Won the Golden Lotus Award for Best Children’s Film at the National Film Awards, India. Shared with Ronnie Screwvala
Ramji Londonwale Composer
Bhagmati Composer
2003 Maqbool Composer, Director, Producer, Writer (dialogue & screenplay)
Paanch Composer
Chupke Se Composer
Danav Composer
Kagaar: Life on the Edge Composer
2002 Makdee Composer, Director, Producer, Writer (Story & Dialogue) Won 2nd Place, the Adults Jury Award, at the Chicago Children’s Film Festival in the ‘Live-Action Feature Film or Video’ category
Mulaqat Composer
2001 Love ke liye kuch bhi karega Composer
Choo Lenge Akash Composer
2000 Dil Pe Mat Le Yaar Composer
1999 Hu Tu Tu Composer
Godmother Composer Won the Silver Lotus Award for Best Music Director, part of the National Film Awards, India
Jahan Tum Le Chalo Composer
1998 Daya Composer Malayalam film
Chachi 420 Composer
Satya Composer
Sham Ghansham Composer
1997 Betaabi Composer
Tunnu Ki Tina Composer
1996 Maachis Composer Won R D Burman Award for New Music Talent
Sanshodhan Composer
1995 Fauji Composer

Not many in India know about the the Aghoris, those who know keep a distance from them, since many consider them dangerous and a mirror image of Hindu Lord Shiva. They are suppose to live on the edge having renounced everything which is material and are general known as sadhus.

They are higher than any priest in the ladder of the Hindu varna system but their way of living scares away alot of people but none the less they are respected immensely in India.

The various activities of aghoris have a purpose of embracing pollution through various practices is nothing but the realization of non-duality through transcending social taboos, and seeing the illusory nature of all conventional categories. The Aghoris are not to be confused with the shivnetras, who are also ardent devotees of Shiva but do not indulge in extreme ritual worship practices known to some extent as Tamasic (rituals involving some or all of the following: meat eating, alcohol drinking, consumption of beverages and foods with opiates, hallucinogens and cannabis products as key ingredients, cannibalism, residing in cremation grounds, and Tantric sexual rituals). Although they enjoy close ties with the shivnetras, netras are a complete opposite of the aghoris and are purely Sattvic in nature and worship.

The Cannibalism in aghoris seems to be a major drawing point for many foreigners and researchers all across the globe. In essence, Aghoris base their beliefs on two principles: that Shiva is perfect and that Shiva is responsible for everything. Shiva is thought to be responsible for every rock, tree, animal, and thought. Consequently, everything that exists must be perfect, and to deny the perfection of anything would be to deny the sacredness of all life in its full manifestation, as well as deny God/Goddess and the demigods’ perfection. Aghoris eat any form of food and intoxicants, engage in a variety of sexual practices, ritually and otherwise, and also meditate on dead bodies for some rituals as prescribed in Hindu Tantric holy scriptures.

The Aghori ascetic is himself a symbol of the God Shiva in Shiva’s form as Bhairava. The main symbol which makes him distinct from other sadhus is the skull cup he uses as a begging bowl. He goes naked or wears the shroud of a corpse, covers himself in the ashes of the cremation ground and always has his hair disheveled or in matted dreadlocks. If an aghori uses a corpse as part of his ritual worship, the corpse upon which he meditates, it is a symbol of his own body and the corpse-devouring ritual is a symbol of the transcendence of his lower self and a realization of the greater, all pervading Self that is universal consciousness.

Another symbol of the aghori, which ties him to the affiliation of Bhairava and links aghoris together with other Saiva and Sakta traditions, is the trident.

The three pronged trident staff in Tantric Hinduism, which aghoris follow, is a symbol representing the three constituents of which Shiva and/or Shakti first creates the universe: iccha shakti (power of will/desire/intention), jnana shakti (power of knowledge – the preconceived architectural design of the universe), and kriya shakti (the power of action).

Place to find Aghoris

In order to locate a aghori you need to be at the holiest of the places in India namely varanasi In Uttar Pradesh or on the sides of the Holy river Ganga , you could find them in Uttrakhand ( or Uttranchal as it is also know) , a state in northern India which boasts of the spiritual tourism in India. They reside on the fringes of the the human population, they are out of the limits of the cities but may wander sometimes into it for some amusement or food. Though most of them seem to be hostile but some of them are nice when you approach them. They can tell you alot about their customs and practices but still one would advice caution while talking to them. A certainly a mark of respect needs to be shown to them because you don’t want an angry aghori around you.

They have always mesmerized many people in and out side of India with their behavior and rituals.  As people will keep on looking for  path of uniting with god ,we would certainly find them amongst us for many millennium to come as they have existed since many millenniums.

People have been talking about Shiv Sena‘s activities, the fact that they want to do something about the “Marathi Manus” but those who want a better life and migrate from North India consider them fanatics. Certainly the violence aspect might be an issue but on larger scale what shiv sena talk in terms of geographic economic development is something to look at and some how relevant.

If going by the general masses sentiments of North Indians then states such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh would never develop and the politicians of this region will keep on taking the people of these states for a ride all the time. Even Rahul Gandhi acknowledged it and asked the Biharis that why is it so that they help economy of other states rather than help Bihar and perform the overall growth of India.

Then there is debate that marathis must go and live in these place and help develop these places … Are you kidding ?

The fact that people from North India especially Bihar and UP are running from their home and landing in Mumbai due to lawlessness in that state is the primary reason that people send their kids to study outside the respective states. It is like telling the other person to clean up your mess.

One will honestly wait for the day when people will migrate to Bihar and UP but i guess that is a very far dream …

On a very simple note the people of that region must be allowed to be a part of the growth that is Marathis of Maharashtra and secondly  having these islands of development such as these metropolitan cities is NOT the way forward, the whole country need it and the best way we can seee that is the this mass exodus of of people searching for better life will stop . One is not saying that migration will stop but certainly the governments of these respective places are not there just for enjoying themselves, they need to work.

Even if they donot wish to work then states like Uttar Pradesh must be divided into smaller states on the lines of  Madhya Pradesh and Bihar model where they were divided so that better handling of resources and an efficient government must be formed.

What shiv Sena is saying might sound harsh to some people but it is an out come of long unappreciative policy of its people by its politicians who have ruled the certain states or should we say miss ruled. The hardliner approach to any cause occurs only when everything seems to have failed.

It is time that some under performing politicians of this country take notice of their activities since they are certainly not on picnic here( atleast that  is what the voter thinks)  because economic development of a country is NOT a paradigm of just certain regions and “high class” people who can jet set anywhere whereas others (politicians of UP and Bihar) can have a gala time and the people of India suffer on all quarters.

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